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Cold Spring Harb Perspect Biol. 2011 Mar 1;3(3). pii: a005272. doi: 10.1101/cshperspect.a005272.

Entry at the trans-face of the Golgi.

Author information

1
Department of Biochemistry, Stanford University School of Medicine, California 94305-5307, USA. pfeffer@stanford.edu

Abstract

The trans-Golgi network (TGN) receives a select set of proteins from the endocytic pathway-about 5% of total plasma membrane glycoproteins (Duncan and Kornfeld 1988). Proteins that are delivered include mannose 6-phosphate receptors (MPRs), TGN46, sortilin, and various toxins that hitchhike a ride backward through the secretory pathway to intoxicate cells after they exit into the cytoplasm from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). This article will review work on the molecular players that drive protein transport from the endocytic pathway to the TGN. Distinct requirements have revealed multiple routes for retrograde transport; in addition, the existence of multiple, potential coat proteins and/or cargo adaptors imply that multiple vesicular transfers are likely involved. Several comprehensive reviews have appeared recently and should be sought for additional details (Bonifacino and Rojas 2006; Johannes and Popoff 2008).

PMID:
21421921
PMCID:
PMC3039930
DOI:
10.1101/cshperspect.a005272
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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