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J Cardiothorac Surg. 2011 Mar 19;6:32. doi: 10.1186/1749-8090-6-32.

Poland's syndrome and recurrent pneumothorax: is there a connection?

Author information

1
Department of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, University Hospital of Thessaly, Larissa, Greece. gtagarakis@gmail.com

Abstract

AIM:

To investigate the possible connection of Poland's syndrome with the presence of lung bullae and, thus, with an increased risk for recurrent pneumothorax.

PATIENTS-METHODS:

Two male patients, aged 19 and 21 years respectively were submitted to our department after their second incident of pneumothorax. Both had Poland's syndrome (unilaterally hypoplastic chest wall with pectoralis major muscle atrophy) and both had multiple bullae to the ipsilateral lung based on CT findings. The patients were treated operatively (bullectomy, lung apicectomy, partial parietal pleurectomy and chemical pleurodesis) due to the recurrent state of their pneumothorax.

RESULTS:

The patients had good results with total expansion of the affected lung.

CONCLUSIONS:

Poland's syndrome can be combined with ipsilateral presence of lung bullae, a common cause of pneumothorax. Whether this finding is part or a variation of the syndrome needs to be confirmed by a larger number of similar cases.

PMID:
21418595
PMCID:
PMC3069957
DOI:
10.1186/1749-8090-6-32
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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