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J Air Waste Manag Assoc. 2011 Mar;61(3):319-23.

Application for a newly developed high-capacity NOx denuder: low-NOx diesel transformation experiments.

Author information

1
Division of Atmospheric Sciences, Desert Research Institute, Reno, NV, USA. Samy.Shar@epa.gov

Abstract

To conduct low oxides of nitrogen (NOx) chamber experiments with modern diesel emissions (DE), a high-capacity NO, denuder was developed and used at the European Photoreactor (EUPHORE) outdoor simulation chamber. The denuder displayed a sufficient NOx storage capacity for use with DE, and efficient removal of NO, during injections of DE was achieved (>98%). Degradation of the denuder performance after repeated regeneration by heating (400 degrees C) and flushing with an air/oxygen ratio of 2:1 was not observed for a total of nine experiments. Evaluation of dark (with chamber cover closed) experiments (four in total) with and without the denuder in-line revealed some reduction (22%) of diesel particulate matter (DPM) with use of the denuder, most likely a result of impaction or settling of DPM during DE transit. However, DPM reduction may have also been a result of reductions in effective load of the engine-dyno system during the DE injections. Extensive chemical characterization of DPM revealed no significant perturbation of major compound groups associated with denuder use, except for nitrated polyaromatic hydrocarbon (NPAH) concentrations. The implications of high-NOx experiments without the use of a NOx denuder are discussed.

PMID:
21416759
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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