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Ann Oncol. 2011 Dec;22(12):2640-5. doi: 10.1093/annonc/mdr020. Epub 2011 Mar 17.

Thiazolidinediones and metformin associated with improved survival of diabetic prostate cancer patients.

Author information

1
Department of Molecular and Cellular Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, 77030, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The association between antidiabetic medications and the prognosis of human prostate cancer has not been explored. This study examined the impact of these drugs on the outcomes of diabetic patients with prostate cancer to provide a basis for diabetes management strategy in these patients.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Records of consecutive prostate cancer patients with coexisting diabetes mellitus type 2 who were treated at the study institution between 15 July 1999 and 31 December 2008 were reviewed. The survival, cancer pathological grade, stage at the time of diagnosis, and antidiabetic pharmacotherapy of the patients were analyzed.

RESULTS:

A total of 233 consecutive cases were analyzed. In Kaplan-Meier analysis, thiazolidinedione (log-rank, P = 0.005) and metformin (log-rank, P = 0.035) usage were significant predictors of improved overall survival, while insulin and insulin secretagogue usage were not significant predictors. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that thiazolidinedione {hazard ratio [HR] = 0.454 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.213-0.965], P = 0.040} and metformin [HR = 0.550 (95% CI 0.315-0.960), P = 0.035] usage remained as significant predictors of favorable survival after controlling for variables including age, race, Gleason grade, and stage.

CONCLUSIONS:

Thiazolidinediones and metformin appear to be associated with improved overall survival of diabetic prostate cancer patients. The choice of antidiabetic pharmacotherapy may influence overall survival of these patients.

PMID:
21415239
PMCID:
PMC3221513
DOI:
10.1093/annonc/mdr020
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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