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Biol Psychiatry. 2011 Jul 1;70(1):59-63. doi: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2011.01.031. Epub 2011 Mar 16.

At-risk variant in TCF7L2 for type II diabetes increases risk of schizophrenia.

Author information

1
Mental Health Centre Sct. Hans, Copenhagen University Hospital, Research Institute of Biological Psychiatry, Roskilde, Denmark; Copenhagen University, Center for Pharmacogenomics, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Schizophrenia is associated with increased risk of type II diabetes and metabolic disorders. However, it is unclear whether this comorbidity reflects shared genetic risk factors, at-risk lifestyle, or side effects of antipsychotic medication.

METHODS:

Eleven known risk variants of type II diabetes were genotyped in patients with schizophrenia in a sample of 410 Danish patients, each matched with two healthy control subjects on sex, birth year, and month. Replication was carried out in a large multinational European sample of 4089 patients with schizophrenia and 17,597 controls (SGENE+) using Mantel-Haenszel test.

RESULTS:

One type II diabetes at-risk allele located in TCF7L2, rs7903146 [T], was associated with schizophrenia in the discovery sample (p = .0052) and in the replication with an odds ratio of 1.07 (95% confidence interval 1.01-1.14, p = .033).

CONCLUSION:

The association reported here with a well-known diabetes variant suggests that the observed comorbidity is partially caused by genetic risk variants. This study also demonstrates how genetic studies can successfully examine an epidemiologically derived hypothesis of comorbidity.

PMID:
21414605
DOI:
10.1016/j.biopsych.2011.01.031
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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