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Infections of the Respiratory System.


In: Baron S1, editor.


Medical Microbiology. 4th edition. Galveston (TX): University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston; 1996. Chapter 93.

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University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, Galveston, Texas


Infections of the respiratory tract are grouped according to their symptomatology and anatomic involvement. Acute upper respiratory infections (URI) include the common cold, pharyngitis, epiglottitis, and laryngotracheitis (Fig. 93-1). These infections are usually benign, transitory and self-limited, altho ugh epiglottitis and laryngotracheitis can be serious diseases in children and young infants. Etiologic agents associated with URI include viruses, bacteria, mycoplasma and fungi (Table 93-1). Respiratory infections are more common in the fall and winter when school starts and indoor crowding facilitates transmission.

Copyright © 1996, The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston.

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