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Neurourol Urodyn. 2011 Mar;30(3):402-5. doi: 10.1002/nau.20974. Epub 2010 Nov 5.

Perceptions of "urgency" in women with interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome or overactive bladder.

Author information

1
University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-5330, USA. qclemens@umich.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To compare urgency symptoms in women with interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) and overactive bladder (OAB).

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Women with diagnoses of IC/BPS (n=194) and OAB (n=85) were recruited from the clinical practices of Urologists (n=8) and Gynecologists (n=16) with recognized expertise in the diagnosis and management of these conditions. Subjects completed a comprehensive telephone survey about their current symptoms. The questionnaire included 11 questions about urinary urgency. Responses were compared between the two groups.

RESULTS:

Urgency was commonly reported as a symptom by women with both conditions (81% IC/BPS and 91% OAB). Compared with IC/BPS, urgency in OAB more often resulted in leakage, and was perceived to be more of a problem. In IC/BPS, the urgency was primarily reported as due to pain, pressure, or discomfort, while in OAB the urgency was more commonly due to fear of leakage. However, approximately 40% of women with OAB also report urgency due to pain, pressure, or discomfort. Similar proportions of both groups (∼ 60%) indicated that the urgency occurred "suddenly" instead of more gradually over a period of minutes or hours.

CONCLUSIONS:

Urgency symptoms differed in women diagnosed with IC/BPS versus those diagnosed with OAB, but there was significant overlap. This suggests that "urgency" is not a well-defined and commonly understood symptom that can be utilized to clearly discriminate between IC/BPS and OAB. These findings reinforce the clinical observation that it is often challenging to differentiate between these two conditions.

PMID:
21412821
PMCID:
PMC3513332
DOI:
10.1002/nau.20974
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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