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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1978 Oct 12;526(2):537-46.

Peptidyl dipeptidase in rabbit brain microvessels.


The activity of peptidyl dipeptidase (peptidyldipeptide hydrolase, EC, also known as angiotensin-converting enzyme, was studied in small blood vessel preparations isolated from rabbit brain. The vascular preparation contained arterioles and capillaries and was essentially free of extravascular material. Enzymatic activity was demonstrated in microvessel homogenates using both hippuryl-histidyl-leucine and tritium-labeled angiotensin I as substrates. Activity in the microvessels was dependent on the presence of chloride ion and was sensitive to inhibition by converting enzyme inhibitors previously shown to be effective in both vivo and in vitro. Specific activity in the micro-vessels was approximately 20 times that in homogenates of brain, and was almost 60% of that found in rat lung homogenates. The data were consistent with an endothelial localication for peptidyl dipeptidase in the cerebral vasculature and supports the proposal that this enzyme has a physiological role in extrapulmonary vascular beds.

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