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Nanotechnology. 2011 Apr 29;22(17):175306. doi: 10.1088/0957-4484/22/17/175306. Epub 2011 Mar 16.

Cutting and controlled modification of graphene with ion beams.

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Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, PO Box 43, FI-00014, Finland.


Using atomistic computer simulations, we study how ion irradiation can be used to alter the morphology of a graphene monolayer, by introducing defects of specific type, and to cut graphene sheets. Based on the results of our analytical potential molecular dynamics simulations, a kinetic Monte Carlo code is developed for modeling morphological changes in a graphene monolayer under irradiation at macroscopic time scales. Impacts of He, Ne, Ar, Kr, Xe, and Ga ions with kinetic energies ranging from tens of eV to 10 MeV and angles of incidence between 0° and 88° are studied. Our results provide microscopic insights into the response of graphene to ion irradiation and can directly be used for the optimization of graphene cutting and patterning with focused ion beams.

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