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Child Dev. 2011 May-Jun;82(3):982-98. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2010.01534.x. Epub 2011 Mar 9.

Childhood trauma and psychiatric disorders as correlates of school dropout in a national sample of young adults.

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1
Wellesley Centers for Women, WellesleyCollege, 106 Central St., Cheever House, Wellesley, MA 02481, USA. mporche@wellesley.edu

Abstract

The effect of childhood trauma, psychiatric diagnoses, and mental health services on school dropout among U.S.-born and immigrant youth is examined using data from the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys, a nationally representative probability sample of African Americans, Afro-Caribbeans, Asians, Latinos, and non-Latino Whites, including 2,532 young adults, aged 21-29. The dropout prevalence rate was 16% overall, with variation by childhood trauma, childhood psychiatric diagnosis, race/ethnicity, and nativity. Childhood substance and conduct disorders mediated the relation between trauma and school dropout. Likelihood of dropout was decreased for Asians, and increased for African Americans and Latinos, compared to non-Latino Whites as a function of psychiatric disorders and trauma. Timing of U.S. immigration during adolescence increased risk of dropout.

PMID:
21410919
PMCID:
PMC3089672
DOI:
10.1111/j.1467-8624.2010.01534.x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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