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Br J Pharmacol. 2011 Jul;163(6):1315-25. doi: 10.1111/j.1476-5381.2011.01322.x.

Characterization of three diaminopyrimidines as potent and selective antagonists of P2X3 and P2X2/3 receptors with in vivo efficacy in a pain model.

Author information

1
GlaxoSmithKline, Molecular Discovery Research, Verona, Italy. elisa.ballini@aptuit.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:

P2X3 and P2X2/3 receptors are highly localized on the peripheral and central pathways of nociceptive signal transmission. The discovery of A-317491 allowed their validation as chronic inflammatory and neuropathic pain targets, but this molecule has a very limited oral bioavailability and CNS penetration. Recently, potent P2X3 and P2X2/3 blockers with a diaminopyrimidine core group and better bioavailability were synthesized and represent a new opportunity for the validation of P2X3-containing receptors as targets for pain. Here we present a characterization of three representative diaminopyrimidines.

EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH:

The activity of compounds was evaluated in intracellular calcium flux and electrophysiological recordings from P2X receptors expressed in mammalian cells and in a in vivo model of inflammatory pain (complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) in rat paws).

KEY RESULTS:

Compound A potently blocked P2X3 (pIC(50)= 7.39) and P2X2/3 (pIC(50)=6.68) and showed no detectable activity at P2X1, P2X2, P2X4 and P2X7 receptors (pIC(50)< 4.7). Whole-cell voltage clamp electrophysiology confirmed these results. Compounds showed good selectivities when tested against a panel of different classes of target. In the CFA model, compound B showed significant anti-nociceptive effects (57% reversal at 3mg·kg(-1) ).

CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS:

The diaminopyrimidines were potent and selective P2X3 and P2X2/3 receptor antagonists, showing efficacy in vivo and represent useful tools to validate these receptors as targets for inflammatory and neuropathic pain and provide promising progress in the identification of therapeutic tools for the treatment of pain-related disorders.

PMID:
21410458
PMCID:
PMC3144543
DOI:
10.1111/j.1476-5381.2011.01322.x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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