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Dig Dis Sci. 2011 May;56(5):1496-502. doi: 10.1007/s10620-011-1614-1. Epub 2011 Mar 16.

Use of the colonoscope training model with the colonoscope 3D imaging probe improved trainee colonoscopy performance: a pilot study.

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Gastroenterology Section, Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Healthcare System, Division of Gastroenterology, Stanford University School of Medicine, 3801 Miranda Ave, GI-111, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA.



Colonoscopy insertion is difficult to teach due to the inability of current training models to provide realistic tactile sensation with simultaneous three-dimensional (3D) colonoscope display.


To assess the influence of a simulator consisting of a colon model coupled with 3D instrument visualization on trainee colonoscopy performance.


Pilot study using the simulator model with three trainees who were not proficient in colonoscopy. At random times over a 6-week period, trainees participated in an individualized half-day session using the Colonoscope Training Model and a colonoscope equipped with a 3D magnetic probe imaging system (ScopeGuide) in six standardized cases. A blinded supervising instructor graded patient-based colonoscopy performance over the 6-week period, and we independently analyzed the 2-week period before and after the intervention. We also measured cecal intubation and withdrawal times and medication requirements.


Trainees performed 86 patient-based colonoscopies. Following the intervention, the colonoscopy performance score improved from 4.4 ± 2.3 to 5.9 ± 2.4 (p = 0.005). Trainees had a 76% cecal intubation rate following the session as compared to 43% before training (p = 0.004), while utilizing less time, 14 ± 7 versus 18 ± 11 min (p = 0.056) and less medication (p > 0.05).


Colonoscopy simulation using the Colonoscope Training Model and the ScopeGuide produced an immediate and large effect on trainee colonoscopy performance.

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