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Am J Pathol. 2011 Apr;178(4):1591-604. doi: 10.1016/j.ajpath.2010.12.020. Epub 2011 Mar 4.

Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) deficiency accelerates hepatic regeneration in mice.

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Instituto de Investigaciones Biomédicas Alberto Sols, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas - Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (CSIC-UAM), Madrid, Spain.


Protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) is a key regulator of metabolism and cell growth by its ability to dephosphorylate tyrosine kinase receptors and modulate the intensity of their signaling cascades. Because liver regeneration involves tyrosine phosphorylation-mediated signaling, we investigated the role of PTP1B in this process by performing partial hepatectomy in wild-type (PTP1B(+/+)) and PTP1B-deficient (PTP1B(-/-)) mice. The expression of PCNA and cyclins D1 and E (cell proliferation markers) was enhanced in PTP1B(-/-) regenerating livers, in parallel with 5'-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine incorporation. Phosphorylation of JNK1/2 and STAT3, early triggers of hepatic regeneration in response to TNF-α and IL-6, was accelerated in PTP1B(-/-) mice compared with PTP1B(+/+) mice. These phosphorylations were increased in PTP1B(-/-) hepatocytes or by silencing PTP1B in wild-type cells and decreased further after the addition of recombinant PTP1B. Enhanced EGF- and HGF receptor-mediated signaling was observed in regenerating livers lacking PTP1B and in EGF- or HGF-stimulated PTP1B(-/-) hepatocytes. Moreover, PTP1B(-/-) mice displayed a more rapid increase in intrahepatic lipid accumulation than PTP1B(+/+) control mice. Late responses to partial hepatectomy revealed additional divergences because stress-mediated signaling was attenuated at 24 to 96 hours in PTP1B(-/-) mice compared with PTP1B(+/+) mice. Finally, PTP1B deficiency also improves hepatic regeneration in mice fed a high-fat diet. These results suggest that pharmacological inhibition of PTP1B would improve liver regeneration in patients with acute or chronic liver injury.

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