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Prenat Diagn. 2011 Jun;31(6):523-8. doi: 10.1002/pd.2733. Epub 2011 Mar 14.

First trimester pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A in pregnancies complicated by subsequent gestational diabetes.

Author information

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, IRCCS Fondazione Policlinico San Matteo, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To compare routine first trimester biochemical and ultrasound markers in pregnancies complicated by gestational diabetes with those of a control group.

METHODS:

First trimester data including the screening test for Down syndrome were retrieved from a computer data base. Clinical data were recorded at delivery. A multivariate quantile regression model was used to analyze the association between first trimester data and subsequent clinical outcomes in a case-control study design.

RESULTS:

In the group of women who developed second trimester gestational diabetes, both first trimester median (1494 vs 2225 mU/L, P < 0.001) and adjusted multiple of median pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) concentrations (1.2 vs 0.7, P < 0.001) were significantly lower than in the control group. Differences between observed and expected crown-to-rump length expressed in mm was lower in women destined to develop gestational diabetes than in the control group (0.2 vs 1.4 mm, P < 0.005). In multivariate models, first trimester maternal PAPP-A concentrations correlated independently and inversely to pregestational body mass index (BMI, P = 0.004), subsequent gestational diabetes (P < 0.001) and pregnancy complications (P = 0.036).

CONCLUSIONS:

First trimester PAPP-A concentrations were lower among pregnant women with subsequent gestational diabetes than in the control group.

PMID:
21404306
DOI:
10.1002/pd.2733
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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