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Muscle Nerve. 2011 Apr;43(4):464-78. doi: 10.1002/mus.21987.

Exercise and Duchenne muscular dystrophy: toward evidence-based exercise prescription.

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Wake Forest Institute for Regenerative Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston-Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA.


To develop a rational framework for answering questions about the role of exercise in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), we focused on five pathophysiological mechanisms and offer brief hypotheses regarding how exercise may beneficially modulate pertinent cellular and molecular pathways. We aimed to provide an integrative overview of mechanisms of DMD pathology that may improve or worsen as a result of exercise. We also sought to stimulate discussion of what outcomes/dependent variables most appropriately measure these mechanisms, with the purpose of defining criteria for well-designed, controlled studies of exercise in DMD. The five mechanisms include pathways that are both intrinsic and extrinsic to the diseased muscle cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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