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Opt Lett. 2011 Mar 15;36(6):784-6. doi: 10.1364/OL.36.000784.

Efficient and low-threshold Cr4+:YAG double-clad crystal fiber laser.

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Institute of Photonics and Optoelectronics, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan.


A significant advancement of cw lasing in Cr4+:Y3Al5O12 (Cr4+:YAG) double-clad crystal fiber grown by the codrawing laser-heated pedestal growth technique was demonstrated at RT. The optical-to-optical slope efficiency of 33.9% is the highest, to the best of our knowledge, among all Cr4+:YAG lasers, whether they are in bulk or fiber forms. The low-threshold lasing of 78.2 mW and high efficiency are in good agreement with the simulation. The keys to the high laser efficiency are twofold: one is the improved Cr4+ emission cross section and fluorescence lifetime due to release of the strain on the distorted Cr4+ tetrahedron, which also mitigates photobleaching in Cr4+:YAG; the other is the improved core uniformity at long fiber lengths. In addition, because of the low threshold, the impact of excited state absorption of the pump light is significantly reduced. The effects of crystal-orientation, self-selected, and pump-dependent linear polarization states were also addressed.

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