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J Craniofac Surg. 2011 Mar;22(2):509-13. doi: 10.1097/SCS.0b013e31820871d6.

Nasal and ethmoidal alterations in anterior synostotic plagiocephaly.

Author information

1
Maxillo Facial Surgery, Complesso Integrato Columbus, Catholic University Medical School, Rome, Italy.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Nasal deviation plays an important role in plagiocephaly nosography, and it is frequent in plagiocephaly and objectivable both in early treated patients and in those patients who did not undergo any surgical correction.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

The group analyzed consisted of 12 patients affected by anterior synostotic plagiocephaly. All of them had reached the end of growth. A morphological analysis was made by using anthropometry. All patients were asked to undergo computed tomography, and all the scans were then reconstructed into three-dimensional models using a dedicated software. We made two-dimensional assessments on coronal and axial slices, and three-dimensional reconstruction was used to evaluate the volumetry of ethmoidal cells.

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION:

From anthropometry, we realized that, in all patients, not only that the tip of the nose is deviated to the not affected side but also that the root itself does not lie on the midline and it is tilted to the synostotic side. Analysis of the computed tomographic scan results shows that the ethmoid bone, as much as the vomer and the upper maxilla, is deeply involved in these nasal abnormalities, presenting a deviated position and an altered development.

CONCLUSIONS:

We concluded that nasal morphology in plagiocephaly is strictly related to basicranium dysmorphism.

PMID:
21403535
DOI:
10.1097/SCS.0b013e31820871d6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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