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J Immunol. 2011 Apr 15;186(8):4674-86. doi: 10.4049/jimmunol.1003584. Epub 2011 Mar 14.

The neonatal FcR-mediated presentation of immune-complexed antigen is associated with endosomal and phagosomal pH and antigen stability in macrophages and dendritic cells.

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  • 1Laboratory of Immunology, Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA.

Abstract

The FcγRs found on macrophages (Ms) and dendritic cells (DCs) efficiently facilitate the presentation or cross-presentation of immune-complexed Ags to T cells. We found that the MHC class I-related neonatal FcR for IgG (FcRn) in both Ms and DCs failed to have a strong effect on the cross-presentation of immune complex (IC) OVA Ag to CD8(+) T cells. Interestingly, endosomal FcRn enhanced the presentation of the monomeric OVA-IC to CD4(+) T cells robustly, whereas FcRn in phagosomes exerted distinctive effects on Ag presentation between Ms and DCs. The presentation of phagocytosed OVA-ICs to CD4(+) T cells was considerably enhanced on wild-type versus FcRn-deficient Ms, but was not affected in FcRn-deficient DCs. This functional discrepancy was associated with the dependence of IgG-FcRn binding in an acidic pH. Following phagocytosis, the phagosomal pH dropped rapidly to <6.5 in Ms but remained in the neutral range in DCs. This disparity in pH determined the rate of degradation of phagocytosed ICs. Thus, our findings reveal that FcRn expression has a different effect on Ag processing and presentation of ICs to CD4(+) T cells in the endosomal versus phagosomal compartments of Ms versus DCs.

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