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Ann Occup Hyg. 2011 Apr;55(3):329-38. doi: 10.1093/annhyg/mer007.

Interactions of benzo[a]pyrene and diesel exhaust particulate matter with the lung surfactant system.

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1
Faculty of Chemical and Process Engineering, Warsaw University of Technology, 00-645 Warsaw, Poland.

Abstract

One of the reasons for cellular changes in the lung tissue exposed to the diesel exhaust composed of soot particles with adsorbed volatile organic molecules is the reduction of the clearance rate in the pulmonary region of the respiratory system. The interaction of the fractal-like particles and organic substances with a surfactant monolayer limits its dynamic activity. The surface properties of Survanta, a purified extract of bovine lung surfactant (LS), which interacted with carbon particles (200 nm aggregates) and benzo[a]pyrene (BaP), molecules were measured with the oscillating bubble technique. The results showed a significant lowering of the dynamics of the surfactant monolayer compared to the control case (no exposure). Additional measurements of surface pressure during the monotonic compression of the air-water interface containing the major LS phospholipid, dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC), showed that the presence of BaP molecules in the system influenced its stability. The experimental results were supplemented with a theoretical molecular dynamics model of the interaction between BaP and DPPC molecules. The simulation results indicated the insertion of BaP molecules into the lipid layer, which explained the measured effects.

PMID:
21402870
DOI:
10.1093/annhyg/mer007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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