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Physiol Res. 2011;60(3):439-52. Epub 2011 Mar 14.

Calsequestrin distribution, structure and function, its role in normal and pathological situations and the effect of thyroid hormones.

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1
Institute of Physiology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague, Czech Republic.

Abstract

Calsequestrin is the main calcium binding protein of the sarcoplasmic reticulum, serving as an important regulator of Ca(2+). In mammalian muscles, it exists as a skeletal isoform found in fast- and slow-twitch skeletal muscles and a cardiac isoform expressed in the heart and slow-twitch muscles. Recently, many excellent reviews that summarised in great detail various aspects of the calsequestrin structure, localisation or function both in skeletal and cardiac muscle have appeared. The present review focuses on skeletal muscle: information on cardiac tissue is given, where differences between both tissues are functionally important. The article reviews the known multiple roles of calsequestrin including pathology in order to introduce this topic to the broader scientific community and to stimulate an interest in this protein. Newly we describe our results on the effect of thyroid hormones on skeletal and cardiac calsequestrin expression and discuss them in the context of available literary data on this topic.

PMID:
21401301
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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