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Health Psychol. 2011 Mar;30(2):171-6. doi: 10.1037/a0022024.

Parental smoking cessation and child daily smoking: A 9-year longitudinal study of mediation by child cognitions about smoking.

Author information

1
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98109-1024, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

This study investigated to what extent the prospective relationship between parental smoking cessation and child daily smoking is mediated by child cognitions about smoking.

DESIGN:

The study drew its sample from the 40 Washington State school districts involved in the Hutchinson Smoking Prevention Project. The predictor variable of parental smoking cessation was measured during third grade. The mediator measures, consistent with the Theory of Planned Behavior and Social Cognitive Theory, were measured during ninth grade, and the smoking status outcome was measured during twelfth grade.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Smoking status at twelfth grade.

RESULTS:

Negative general attitudes toward smoking, attitude that cigarette smoke is bothersome, and tobacco refusal self-efficacy together significantly mediated 49% of the prospective relationship between parental smoking cessation and child daily smoking.

CONCLUSION:

Parental smoking cessation before children reach third grade may lead children to develop more negative cognitions about smoking, and, in turn, reduce their risk of smoking.

PMID:
21401251
PMCID:
PMC3064434
DOI:
10.1037/a0022024
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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