Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Seizure. 2011 Jul;20(6):446-8. doi: 10.1016/j.seizure.2011.02.003. Epub 2011 Mar 11.

Association between HLA-B*1502 allele and carbamazepine-induced severe cutaneous adverse reactions in Han people of southern China mainland.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yet-sen University, Guangzhou, China.

Erratum in

  • Seizure. 2011 Oct;20(8):666.

Abstract

Previous studies have found a strong association between HLA-B*1502 and carbamazepine-induced Stevens-Johnson syndrome in Asian areas including Taiwan, Hongkong and Thailand. This study explores the association between HLA-B*1502 allele and carbamazepine-induced cutaneous adverse reactions in Han Chinese of southern China mainland, and find the genetic marker that can predict carbamazepine-induced cutaneous adverse reactions. HLA-B*1502 allele genotyping was performed by a polymerase chain reaction-sequence specific primers (PCR-SSP) method in 48 Han Chinese subjects who had carbamazepine-induced cutaneous adverse reactions, including 9 severe cutaneous adverse reaction patients with Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) or toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) and 39 cutaneous adverse reaction patients with maculopapular eruption (MPE). Meanwhile 80 carbamazepine-tolerant controls and 62 healthy individuals were also tested. The frequency of HLA-B*1502 allele among SJS/TEN patients (100%) is significantly higher than carbamazepine-tolerant controls (13.75%, P<0.001) and healthy individuals (17.74%, P<0.001). But the frequency between MPE patients and carbamazepine-tolerant controls (25.64% vs.13.75%, P=0.110) did not have any significant difference. The data showed that HLA-B*1502 allele is strongly associated with carbamazepine-induced SJS/TEN but not MPE in Han Chinese of southern China mainland.

PMID:
21397523
DOI:
10.1016/j.seizure.2011.02.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center