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Int J Nurs Stud. 2011 Sep;48(9):1080-95. doi: 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2011.02.012. Epub 2011 Mar 11.

Development and validation of a quality of life instrument for patients with drug dependence: comparisons with SF-36 and WHOQOL-100.

Author information

1
School of Humanities and Management, Guangdong Medical College, Dongguan, China. wanchh@hotmail.com

Abstract

AIM:

Our goal was to develop a self-administered quality of life scale for patients with drug addiction/dependence (QOL-DA) and compare it with the SF-36 and the WHOQOL-100.

METHODS:

Employing theory and methodology of rating scale construction, a self-administered quality of life instrument for individuals with drug dependence QOL-DA was developed and evaluated utilizing responses from 212 drug-dependent subjects at the Kunming Municipal Mandatory Detoxification and Rehabilitation Center in China. Quality of life was measured using the SF-36, WHOQOL-100 and QOL-DA three times during the detoxification.

RESULTS:

Test-retest reliability in the domains of physical function, psychological function, social function and toxicity were 0.82, 0.64, 0.78, and 0.76, respectively. Cronbach's coefficient α for the 4 domains was 0.87, 0.89, 0.93 and 0.86, respectively. Correlations and factor analysis showed good construct validity. Criterion-related and convergent validity was confirmed by using the SF-36 and the WHOQOL-100 simultaneously. The instrument does show the change in QOL after two weeks of detoxification with higher standardized response mean higher than that of SF-36 and WHOQOL-100.

CONCLUSION:

The instrument developed has good validity, reliability and better responsiveness than instruments currently used, and can be employed effectively to measure the quality of life of individuals with drug dependence.

PMID:
21397228
PMCID:
PMC3779790
DOI:
10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2011.02.012
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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