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Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2011 May;204(5):404.e1-404.e10. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2010.12.053. Epub 2011 Mar 11.

Maternal nutrition and gastroschisis: findings from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study.

Author information

1
Division of Medical Genetics, Department of Pediatrics, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, USA. marcia.feldkamp@hsc.utah.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Gastroschisis is increasing in many countries, especially among young women. Because young women may have inadequate nutrition, we assessed the relationship between individual nutrients and the risk for gastroschisis.

STUDY DESIGN:

We analyzed data from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study, a population-based case-control study. Cases were ascertained from 10 birth defect surveillance systems. Controls were randomly selected from birth certificates or hospital records. Nutrient intake was estimated for the year prior to conception from maternal interviews based on a 58-item food frequency questionnaire and cereal consumption reported. A total of 694 cases and 6157 controls were available for analysis.

RESULTS:

Reported intake of individual nutrients did not substantially affect the risk for gastroschisis. Stratification by maternal age, preconception body mass index, folic acid-containing supplements, or energy intake (kilocalories) did not alter risk estimates.

CONCLUSION:

This study does not support an increased risk for gastroschisis with decreasing tertiles of individual nutrients.

PMID:
21396620
DOI:
10.1016/j.ajog.2010.12.053
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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