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FEBS J. 2011 May;278(10):1619-33. doi: 10.1111/j.1742-4658.2011.08090.x. Epub 2011 Mar 30.

MicroRNAs and cardiovascular diseases.

Author information

1
Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan. kohono@kuhp.kyoto-u.ac.jp

Abstract

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small noncoding RNAs that have gained status as important regulators of gene expression. Recent studies have demonstrated that miRNAs are aberrantly expressed in the cardiovascular system under some pathological conditions. Gain- and loss-of-function studies using in vitro and in vivo models have revealed distinct roles for specific miRNAs in cardiovascular development and physiological function. The implications of miRNAs in cardiovascular disease have recently been recognized, representing the most rapidly evolving research field. In the present minireview, the current relevant findings on the role of miRNAs in cardiac diseases are updated and the target genes of these miRNAs are summarized.

PMID:
21395978
PMCID:
PMC3087823
DOI:
10.1111/j.1742-4658.2011.08090.x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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