Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2011 Apr;6(4):883-91. doi: 10.2215/CJN.07810910. Epub 2011 Mar 10.

Chronic kidney disease progression and outcome according to serum phosphorus in mild-to-moderate kidney dysfunction.

Author information

1
Nephrology Dialysis Hypertension Unit, Policlinico S. Orsola-Malpighi, Via P. Palagi 9, 40138 Bologna, Italy.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:

Several factors might alter serum phosphate homeostasis and induce hyperhosphatemia in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) not requiring dialysis. However, whether and to what extent hyperphosphatemia is associated with a poor prognosis in different CKD patient groups remain to be elucidated.

DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS & MEASUREMENTS:

We utilized the "Prevenzione Insufficienza Renale Progressiva" (PIRP) database, a large project sponsored by the Emilia-Romagna Health Institute. PIRP is a collaborative network of nephrologists and general practitioners located in the Emilia-Romagna region, Italy, aimed at increasing awareness of CKD complications and optimizing CKD patient care. We identified 1716 patients who underwent a GFR and serum phosphorous assessment between 2004 and 2007. We tested whether phosphate levels ≥4.3 mg/dl are associated with the risk of CKD progression or all causes of death.

RESULTS:

Older age and male sex were associated with lower phosphate levels. Instead, higher phosphate levels were noted in patients with diabetes. Patients with phosphate levels ≥4.3 mg/dl were at an increased risk of starting dialysis or dying (hazard ratio 2.04; 95% confidence interval [1.44, 2.90]). Notably, subgroup analyses revealed that the magnitude of the risk associated with hyperphosphatemia varied depending on age, sex, diabetes, and different stages of CKD.

CONCLUSIONS:

These analyses lend support to the hypothesis that phosphorous abnormalities might have a negative effect on the residual renal function and prognosis in different groups of CKD patients. However, the risk associated with hyperphosphatemia might vary in specific CKD patient subgroups.

PMID:
21393493
PMCID:
PMC3069383
DOI:
10.2215/CJN.07810910
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center