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J Antimicrob Chemother. 2011 May;66(5):1057-60. doi: 10.1093/jac/dkr066. Epub 2011 Mar 2.

Daptomycin non-susceptibility in vancomycin-intermediate Staphylococcus aureus (VISA) and heterogeneous-VISA (hVISA): implications for therapy after vancomycin treatment failure.

Author information

1
Department of Microbiology, Austin Health, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The aim of this study was to establish the relationship between reduced vancomycin and daptomycin susceptibility among Australasian vancomycin-intermediate Staphylococcus aureus (VISA) and heterogeneous-VISA (hVISA) isolates from patients never exposed to daptomycin.

METHODS:

Forty-seven stored clinical isolates of hVISA/VISA collected before November 2008 from around Australia and New Zealand were selected. Daptomycin and vancomycin MIC testing was performed using broth microdilution (BMD) and Etest methods. Daptomycin population analysis was performed on a subset of isolates.

RESULTS:

The percentage of daptomycin non-susceptible isolates was 0% for vancomycin-susceptible S. aureus (VSSA) (Etest and BMD), for hVISA it was 26% by Etest and 15% by BMD, and for VISA 62% by Etest and 38% by BMD. Population analysis profile testing demonstrated daptomycin heteroresistance among the hVISA and VISA strains tested.

CONCLUSIONS:

This is the highest rate of daptomycin non-susceptibility reported among hVISA isolates to date. Clinicians should exhibit caution when using daptomycin in situations where serious hVISA or VISA infection is a possibility.

PMID:
21393156
DOI:
10.1093/jac/dkr066
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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