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Dalton Trans. 2011 Apr 28;40(16):4175-82. doi: 10.1039/c0dt01689f. Epub 2011 Mar 9.

Unexpectedly efficient activation of push-pull nitriles by a Pt(II) center toward dipolar cycloaddition of Z-nitrones.

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Department of Chemistry, St. Petersburg State University, Universitetsky Pr. 26, 198504, Stary Petergof, Russian Federation.


Pt(II)-coordinated NCNR'(2) species are so highly activated towards 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition (DCA) that they react smoothly with the acyclic nitrones ArCH=N(+)(O(-))R'' (Ar/R'' = C(6)H(4)Me-p/Me; C(6)H(4)OMe-p/CH(2)Ph) in the Z-form. Competitive reactivity study of DCA between trans-[PtCl(2)(NCR)(2)] (R = Ph and NR'(2)) species and the acyclic nitrone 4-MeC(6)H(4)CH=N(+)(O(-))Me demonstrates comparable reactivity of the coordinated NCPh and NCNR'(2), while alkylnitrile ligands do not react with the dipole. The reaction between trans-[PtCl(2)(NCNR'(2))(2)] (R'(2) = Me(2), Et(2), C(5)H(10)) and the nitrones proceed as consecutive two-step intermolecular cycloaddition to give mono-(1a-d) and bis-2,3-dihydro-1,2,4-oxadiazole (2a-d) complexes (Ar/R'' = p-tol/Me: R'(2) = Me(2)a, R'(2) = Et(2)b, R'(2) = C(5)H(10)c; Ar/R'' = p-MeOC(6)H(4)/CH(2)Ph: R'(2) = Me(2)d). All complexes were characterized by elemental analyses (C, H, N), high resolution ESI-MS, IR, (1)H and (13)C{(1)H} NMR spectroscopy. The structures of trans-1b, trans-2a, trans-2c, and trans-2d were determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Metal-free 5-NR'(2)-2,3-dihydro-1,2,4-oxadiazoles 3a-3d were liberated from the corresponding (dihydrooxadiazole)(2)Pt(II) complexes by treatment with excess NaCN and the heterocycles were characterized by high resolution ESI(+)-MS, (1)H and (13)C{(1)H} spectroscopy.

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