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World J Gastroenterol. 2011 Feb 14;17(6):774-8. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v17.i6.774.

Single center experience of capsule endoscopy in patients with obscure gastrointestinal bleeding.

Author information

1
Institute of Gastroenterology, Apollo Gleneagles Hospital, 58 Canal Circular Road, Kolkata-700054, India. mkgkolkata@gmail.com

Abstract

AIM:

To identify optimum timing to maximize diagnostic yield by capsule endoscopy (CE) in patients with obscure gastrointestinal bleeding (OGIB).

METHODS:

We identified patients who underwent CE at our institution from August 2003 to December 2009. Patient medical records were reviewed to determine type of OGIB (occult, overt), CE results and complications, and timing of CE with respect to onset of bleeding.

RESULTS:

Out of 385 patients investigated for OGIB, 284 (74%) had some lesion detected by CE. In 222 patients (58%), definite lesions were detected that could unequivocally explain OGIB. Small bowel ulcer/erosions secondary to Crohn's disease, tuberculosis or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent use were the commonest lesions detected. Patients with overt GI bleeding for < 48 h before CE had the highest diagnostic yield (87%). This was significantly greater (P < 0.05) compared to that in patients with overt bleeding prior to 48 h (68%), as well as those with occult OGIB (59%).

CONCLUSION:

We established the importance of early CE in management of OGIB. CE within 48 h of overt bleeding has the greatest potential for lesion detection.

KEYWORDS:

Capsule endoscopy; Gastrointestinal bleeding

PMID:
21390148
PMCID:
PMC3042656
DOI:
10.3748/wjg.v17.i6.774
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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