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Adv Otorhinolaryngol. 2011;71:103-111. doi: 10.1159/000323591. Epub 2011 Mar 8.

Factors influencing the decision for Baha in unilateral deafness: the Bern benefit in single-sided deafness questionnaire.


The data of 46 adults with single-sided sensorineural deafness who were candidates for bone-anchored hearing aids (Baha) CROS (contralateral routing of signals) were analyzed. All candidates tested a Baha with a headband in their normal environment. Subsequently, 29 of the candidates chose a permanent Baha CROS fitting, and 17 declined, thus forming the two study groups. No significant difference regarding age, sex or duration of deafness was found between the two groups. Similarly, the transcranial attenuation was not significantly different between those who accepted and declined a Baha. Subjects with some residual hearing in their poorer ear tended to decline a Baha, but the effect was not statistically significant. For a subset of 28 subjects, the Bern Benefit in Single-Sided Deafness questionnaire was administered. The questionnaire consists of 10 visual analogue scales rating the subjectively perceived benefit of the Baha or any other CROS device in different situations. Scores were found to be significantly higher for speech understanding at some distance (p = 0.026), for speech understanding in noise (p = 0.037), for group conversations (p < 0.01), and for the overall benefit (p < 0.01) for those candidates who chose to use a Baha as a CROS device permanently.

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