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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1990 Mar 16;167(2):693-700.

Isolation and identification of human brain natriuretic peptides in cardiac atrium.

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Department of Biochemistry, Miyazaki Medical College, Japan.


By using a radioimmunoassay (RIA) system newly established for human brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), a high concentration of immunoreactive (ir-) human BNP (hBNP) has been found in cardiac atrium (1). Two molecular forms of ir-hBNP of 4K and 13-15K were isolated from atrial extracts by using anti-hBNP IgG immunoaffinity chromatography and reverse phase high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). By microsequencing, the peptides were determined to be a pro-hBNP (gamma-hBNP) and its C-terminal 32-amino acid peptide (hBNP-32). Based on these results, in cardiac atrium, hBNP is found to be processed in a pathway similar to that of porcine BNP (pBNP) but distinct from that of rat BNP, although low MW hBNP-32 is a major form in contrast to pBNP which exists as a high MW gamma-pBNP.

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