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Burns. 2011 Aug;37(5):805-7. doi: 10.1016/j.burns.2011.01.019. Epub 2011 Mar 8.

Common pathogens in burn wound and changes in their drug sensitivity.

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Department of Plastic Surgery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.


Infection is an important cause of mortality in patients with burns. Rapid emergence of hospital pathogens and antibiotic-resistant organisms necessitate periodic evaluation of bacterial colonisation patterns and antibiogram sensitivity in burn wards. In this study, which was conducted in a 3 months' period in 2009, 106 samples from the wounds of 59 patients admitted in a burn ward were taken, one in the 1st and one between the 3rd and the 7th days. Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Acinetobacter and Klebsiella were the most common Gram-negative and Staphylococcus aureus was the most common Gram-positive organisms recovered from the patients. This study showed a high rate of resistance to the administered antibiotics. The prevalent Gram-negative organisms in our ward were resistant to ceftazidime and imipenem in nearly 90% and 20% of cases, respectively.

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