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J Phys Condens Matter. 2010 Jan 13;22(1):015401. doi: 10.1088/0953-8984/22/1/015401. Epub 2009 Dec 2.

First-principles elastic and thermal properties of TiO2: a phonon approach.

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Superconductivity Research Laboratory (SRL), Department of Physics, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.


Elastic and thermal properties of the TiO(2) lattice in anatase and rutile phases were studied in the framework of density functional perturbation theory within the local density approximation (LDA) and generalized-gradient approximation (GGA). The full elastic constant tensors of the polymorphs were calculated by linear fits to the acoustic branches of the phonon band structure near the center of the first Brillouin zone in symmetry directions of the crystals. It was observed that the elastic constants within the GGA are in better agreement with experiment. In addition, the Born effective charges, dielectric tensor, heat capacity, mean sound velocity and Debye temperature were calculated. The heat capacity at room temperature and the Debye temperature within the LDA are in better agreement with the experimental results. Therefore, using the phonon band structure and the density of states, one can obtain the important mechanical and thermal properties of materials.

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