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Clin Exp Rheumatol. 2011 Mar-Apr;29(2):337-44. Epub 2011 Apr 19.

Analysis of disease activity, functional disability and articular damage in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis: a prospective outcome study.

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Institute of Rheumatology, School of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Serbia.



We longitudinally studied outcomes of patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) using the Childhood Health Assessment Questionnaire (CHAQ) for physical disability and the Juvenile Arthritis Damage Index for articular (JADI-A) and extra-articular damage (JADI-E), and we correlated them with various disease activity variables.


Eighty-seven patients with JIA were included in the prospective follow-up study with median age 14 years (4.6-18.0), disease duration 5.2 years (2.0-18.9) and follow-up of 4.0 years (2.0-5.2). Besides JADI-A and JADI-E, and the assessment of active joints count, joints with limited mobility, ESR, CHAQ and radiographic damage of joints was also done. A correlation analysis of CHAQ and JADI with various disease activity variables was performed.


The patient's distribution of JIA subtypes were polyarticular (32), systemic onset (13), oligoarticular (31), and enthesitis related arthritis (11). After a follow-up period, 46% patients had active disease compared to 83% patients at baseline (p<0.01). The CHAQ disability index improved over baseline, while radiological damage (p<0.001) and JADI-A and JADI-E scores worsened (p<0.001). CHAQ and JADI significantly correlated with the majority of disease activity variables. CHAQ DI was significantly higher in the patients with coxitis (p<0.01) and wrist arthritis (p<0.001). The most pronounced deterioration in articular damage (JADI-A) was observed in patients with sJIA (3.69 at baseline vs. 5.69 at study endpoint).


The improvement of functional disability (CHAQ DI) was observed over the course of the disease, whereas radiological joint damage, JADI-A and JADI-E scores worsened. Children with systemic JIA, wrist arthritis, coxitis and prolonged active disease are at higher risk of progression of severe disability.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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