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Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol. 2011 Feb;25(1):3-18. doi: 10.1016/j.bpg.2010.12.010.

Epidemiology of constipation in children and adults: a systematic review.

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1
Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, OH, United States. suzanne.mugie@nationwidechildren.org

Abstract

We aimed to review the published literature regarding the epidemiology of constipation in the general paediatric and adult population and to assess its geographic, gender and age distribution, and associated factors. A search of the Medline database was performed. Study selection criteria included: (1) studies of population-based samples; (2) containing data on the prevalence of constipation without obvious organic aetiology; (3) in paediatric, adult or elderly population; (4) published in English and full manuscript form. Sixty-eight studies met our inclusion criteria. The prevalence of constipation in the worldwide general population ranged from 0.7% to 79% (median 16%). The epidemiology of constipation in children was investigated in 19 articles and prevalence rate was between 0.7% and 29.6% (median 12%). Female gender, increasing age, socioeconomic status and educational level seemed to affect constipation prevalence.

PMID:
21382575
DOI:
10.1016/j.bpg.2010.12.010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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