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EMBO J. 2011 Apr 20;30(8):1577-92. doi: 10.1038/emboj.2011.59. Epub 2011 Mar 4.

Acute knockdown of AMPA receptors reveals a trans-synaptic signal for presynaptic maturation.

Author information

1
Helen Wills Neuroscience Institute, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA.

Abstract

Newly formed glutamatergic synapses often lack postsynaptic AMPA-type glutamate receptors (AMPARs). Aside from 'unsilencing' the postsynaptic site, however, the significance of postsynaptic AMPAR insertion during synapse maturation remains unclear. To investigate the role of AMPAR in synapse maturation, we used RNA interference (RNAi) to knockdown AMPARs in cultured hippocampal neurons. Surprisingly, loss of postsynaptic AMPARs increased the occurrence of presynaptically inactive synapses without changing the release probability of the remaining active synapses. Additionally, heterologous synapses formed between axons and AMPAR-expressing HEK cells develop significantly fewer inactive presynaptic terminals. The extracellular domain of the AMPAR subunit GluA2 was sufficient to reproduce this effect at heterologous synapses. Indeed, the retrograde signalling by AMPARs is independent of their channel function as RNAi-resistant AMPARs restore synaptic transmission in neurons lacking AMPARs despite chronic receptor antagonist treatment. Our findings suggest that postsynaptic AMPARs perform an organizational function at synapses that exceeds their standard role as ionotropic receptors by conveying a retrograde trans-synaptic signal that increases the transmission efficacy at a synapse.

PMID:
21378752
PMCID:
PMC3102285
DOI:
10.1038/emboj.2011.59
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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