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Phys Sportsmed. 2011 Feb;39(1):74-84. doi: 10.3810/psm.2011.02.1854.

Integrative training for children and adolescents: techniques and practices for reducing sports-related injuries and enhancing athletic performance.

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Cincinnati Children's Hospital, Cincinnati, OH, USA.


As more children and adolescents participate in sports and conditioning activities (sometimes without consideration for cumulative workload), it is important to establish age-appropriate training guidelines that may reduce the risk of sports-related injury and enhance athletic performance. The purpose of this article is to review the scientific evidence on youth strength and conditioning and to provide age-appropriate recommendations for integrating different strength and conditioning activities into a well-designed program that is safe, effective, and enjoyable. Integrative training is defined as a program or plan that incorporates general and specific strength and conditioning activities that enhance both health- and skill-related components of physical fitness. The cornerstone of integrative training is age-appropriate education and instruction by qualified professionals who understand the physical and psychosocial uniqueness of children and adolescents.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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