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Clin Neurophysiol. 2011 Sep;122(9):1834-7. doi: 10.1016/j.clinph.2011.02.002. Epub 2011 Mar 4.

Transcranial direct current stimulation modulates the spinal plasticity induced with patterned electrical stimulation.

Author information

1
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Keio University School of Medicine, Shinjuku, Tokyo, Japan. tofuji@xc5.so-net.ne.jp

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Patterned sensory electrical stimulation (PES) has been shown to induce plasticity in spinal reciprocal Ia inhibition of the calf muscles. To study the cortical modulation of spinal plasticity, we examined the effects of giving transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) to the motor cortex before PES.

METHODS:

Seven healthy volunteers participated in this study. PES involved stimulating the left common peroneal nerve at the fibular head with a train of 10 pulses at 100 Hz every 1.5s for 20 min using an intensity equal to the motor threshold of the tibialis anterior. tDCS was applied for 10 min before PES. For anodal stimulation, the electrode was placed over the motor cortex, and the cathodal electrode over the contralateral supraorbital area. For cathodal stimulation, the electrodes were reversed. Reciprocal inhibition was assessed using a soleus H reflex conditioning-test paradigm.

RESULTS:

PES increased disynaptic reciprocal inhibition from the peroneal nerve to the soleus H reflex. When cathodal tDCS was applied before PES, PES no longer increased reciprocal inhibition.

CONCLUSIONS:

Applying tDCS before PES modulated the effects of PES on spinal reciprocal inhibition in a polarity specific manner.

SIGNIFICANCE:

We suggest that the motor cortex may play a role in spinal plasticity.

PMID:
21377414
DOI:
10.1016/j.clinph.2011.02.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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