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J Neurochem. 1990 Mar;54(3):729-36.

Chicken growth-associated protein GAP-43 is tightly bound to the actin-rich neuronal membrane skeleton.

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MRC Cell Biophysics Unit, King's College, London, England.


We have identified the chicken equivalent of growth-associated protein GAP-43 in a detergent-resistant membrane skeleton from cultures of chick neurones and embryonic chick brain. Antisera to the membrane skeleton protein, the 3D5 antigen, precipitate the translation product of chick GAP-43 cDNA, and the 3D5 antigen is also detected by antisera against synthetic peptides from the known amino acid sequence of rat GAP-43. The chick protein and the rat GAP-43 are biochemically similar proteins that both serve as major targets of phosphorylation by endogenous protein kinase C. The detergent-resistant complex in which GAP-43 is found also contains actin (approximately 5% of the total protein) and a neurone-specific cell surface glycoprotein. We suggest that the membrane skeleton of neurones may be a primary site of action of GAP-43.

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