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Eur J Appl Physiol. 2011 Oct;111(10):2625-8. doi: 10.1007/s00421-011-1885-4. Epub 2011 Mar 4.

The upper limit of aerobic power in humans.

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1
Department of Sport Science, Medical Section, University of Innsbruck, Fürstenweg 185, Innsbruck, Austria. martin.Burtscher@uibk.ac.at

Abstract

Data on the upper limit of aerobic power in humans are scarce. Thus, here we demonstrate extraordinarily high V'O(2)max and submaximal exercise performance in a young elite cross country skier (22 years, 170 cm, 63 kg; hemoglobin: 16.8 g/dL) who was evaluated before winning an Olympic gold medal. The test was performed during progressive roller-ski exercise on an outdoor uphill track (7-10% incline). The athlete demonstrated a V'O(2)max of 90.6 mL/min/kg (45 s average; 26 METs; 5.7 L/min). But even more impressive than V'O(2)max was his ability to exercise at a V'O(2) of 65 mL/min/kg (71.4% V'O(2)max) at a lactate level of 1.6 mmol/L. At the self-selected maximal lactate steady state he consumed 78 mLO(2)/min/kg (85.7% V'O(2)max) with a corresponding lactate level of 4.4 mmol/L. These values rank among the highest ever demonstrated in human beings.

PMID:
21373867
DOI:
10.1007/s00421-011-1885-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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