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Nat Protoc. 2011 Mar;6(3):296-313. doi: 10.1038/nprot.2010.184. Epub 2011 Feb 17.

Hematopoietic differentiation and production of mature myeloid cells from human pluripotent stem cells.

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National Primate Research Center, University of Wisconsin Graduate School, Madison, Wisconsin, USA.


In this paper, we describe a protocol for hematopoietic differentiation of human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) and generation of mature myeloid cells from hPSCs through expansion and differentiation of hPSC-derived lin(-)CD34(+)CD43(+)CD45(+) multipotent progenitors. The protocol comprises three major steps: (i) induction of hematopoietic differentiation by coculture of hPSCs with OP9 bone marrow stromal cells; (ii) short-term expansion of multipotent myeloid progenitors with a high dose of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor; and (iii) directed differentiation of myeloid progenitors into neutrophils, eosinophils, dendritic cells, Langerhans cells, macrophages and osteoclasts. The generation of multipotent hematopoietic progenitors from hPSCs requires 9 d of culture and an additional 2 d to expand myeloid progenitors. Differentiation of myeloid progenitors into mature myeloid cells requires an additional 5-19 d of culture with cytokines, depending on the cell type.

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