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Clin Cancer Res. 2011 May 15;17(10):3157-69. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-10-2939. Epub 2011 Mar 3.

Humanized anti-Trop-2 IgG-SN-38 conjugate for effective treatment of diverse epithelial cancers: preclinical studies in human cancer xenograft models and monkeys.

Author information

1
Immunomedics, Inc, Morris Plains, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Evaluate the efficacy of an SN-38-anti-Trop-2 antibody-drug conjugate (ADC) against several human solid tumor types, and to assess its tolerability in mice and monkeys, the latter with tissue cross-reactivity to hRS7 similar to humans.

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN:

Two SN-38 derivatives, CL2-SN-38 and CL2A-SN-38, were conjugated to the anti-Trop-2-humanized antibody, hRS7. The immunoconjugates were characterized in vitro for stability, binding, and cytotoxicity. Efficacy was tested in five different human solid tumor-xenograft models that expressed Trop-2 antigen. Toxicity was assessed in mice and in Cynomolgus monkeys.

RESULTS:

The hRS7 conjugates of the two SN-38 derivatives were equivalent in drug substitution (∼ 6), cell binding (K(d) ∼ 1.2 nmol/L), cytotoxicity (IC(50) ∼ 2.2 nmol/L), and serum stability in vitro (t/(½) ∼ 20 hours). Exposure of cells to the ADC demonstrated signaling pathways leading to PARP cleavage, but differences versus free SN-38 in p53 and p21 upregulation were noted. Significant antitumor effects were produced by hRS7-SN-38 at nontoxic doses in mice bearing Calu-3 (P ≤ 0.05), Capan-1 (P < 0.018), BxPC-3 (P < 0.005), and COLO 205 tumors (P < 0.033) when compared to nontargeting control ADCs. Mice tolerated a dose of 2 × 12 mg/kg (SN-38 equivalents) with only short-lived elevations in ALT and AST liver enzyme levels. Cynomolgus monkeys infused with 2 × 0.96 mg/kg exhibited only transient decreases in blood counts, although, importantly, the values did not fall below normal ranges.

CONCLUSIONS:

The anti-Trop-2 hRS7-CL2A-SN-38 ADC provides significant and specific antitumor effects against a range of human solid tumor types. It is well tolerated in monkeys, with tissue Trop-2 expression similar to humans, at clinically relevant doses, and warrants clinical investigation.

PMID:
21372224
DOI:
10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-10-2939
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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