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J Affect Disord. 2011 Jul;132(1-2):99-103. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2011.02.003. Epub 2011 Mar 2.

Psychometric properties of the Gotland Scale for Depression in Italian psychiatric inpatients and its utility in the prediction of suicide risk.

Author information

1
Department of Neuroscience, Mental Health and Sensory Functions, Suicide Prevention Center, Sant'Andrea Hospital, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Rutz has postulated a "male depressive syndrome" measured by the Gotland Scale of Male Depression (GSMD). The aim of the study was to assess the psychometric properties of the GSMD in a sample of male and female psychiatric inpatients.

METHODS:

The sample was composed of 326 Italian inpatients who completed the GSMD and the Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS).

RESULTS:

Our results indicated that all the items of the GSMD, except item #13, were highly interrelated, and that the first 12 items of the GSMD may be considered a homogeneous measure of depression. Furthermore, GSMD scores did not differ by sex. The GSMD had good convergent validity with the BHS and was useful in categorizing individuals admitted for a suicide attempt committed in the last 48h vs. those who had not.

LIMITATIONS:

The study was retrospective in nature and did not assess the ability of the GSMD for predicting future suicidal behavior.

CONCLUSIONS:

The GSMD may be considered to be a valid instrument for measuring non-typical ("suicidality-related") symptoms of depression in both male and female patients.

PMID:
21371756
DOI:
10.1016/j.jad.2011.02.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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