Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2011 Apr;33(8):922-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2036.2011.04610.x. Epub 2011 Mar 2.

Randomised clinical trial: Helicobacter pylori eradication is associated with a significantly increased body mass index in a placebo-controlled study.

Author information

School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, 39 Whatley Road, Bristol, UK.



Body mass index (BMI) increased following Helicobacter pylori eradication in several Japanese cohorts, which requires further investigation.


To determine the impact of H. pylori eradication on BMI in a European population.


A total of 10,537 unselected people aged 20-59 years were screened for H. pylori; 1558 of the 1634 infected participants were randomised to intervention (eradication therapy: ranitidine bismuth citrate 400 mg and clarithromycin 500 mg twice daily) or placebo for 2 weeks with follow-up at 6 months (92%) for weight and dyspepsia symptoms (epigastric pain).


The mean weight of participants in the intervention group increased from 77.7 kg at baseline to 78.4 kg at 6 months (unadjusted increase of 0.7 kg) and from 76.8 to 77.2 kg (0.5 kg) in the placebo group. The adjusted difference between randomised groups was statistically significant at 0.6 kg [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.31, 0.88]. Significantly, more participants gained ≥3 kg in the intervention group (138/720, 19%) compared with the placebo group (92/706, 13%) [odds ratio (OR) 1.57 (95% CI: 1.17, 2.12)]. The mean BMI increased from 27.5 to 27.8 kg/m(2) at 6 months in the intervention group compared with the increase from 27.0 to 27.2 kg/m(2) in the placebo group [adjusted difference between groups was statistically significant at 0.2 kg/m(2) (95% CI: 0.11, 0.31)]. Dyspepsia was less frequently reported by intervention group participants (168/736, 23%, placebo group 209/711, 29%), OR 0.71 (95% CI: 0.55, 0.93).


Body mass index increased significantly following randomisation to H. pylori eradication therapy, possibly due to resolution of dyspepsia.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley
    Loading ...
    Support Center