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Proteomics. 2011 Apr;11(7):1329-34. doi: 10.1002/pmic.201000565. Epub 2011 Feb 17.

193-nm photodissociation of singly and multiply charged peptide anions for acidic proteome characterization.

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Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712, USA.


193-nm ultraviolet photodissociation (UVPD) was implemented to sequence singly and multiply charged peptide anions. Upon dissociation by this method, a-/x-type, followed by d and w side-chain loss ions, were the most prolific and abundant sequence ions, often yielding 100% sequence coverage. The dissociation behavior of singly and multiply charged anions was significantly different with higher charged precursors yielding more sequence ions; however, all charge states investigated (1- through 3-) produced rich diagnostic information. UVPD at 193  nm was also shown to successfully differentiate and pinpoint labile phosphorylation modifications. The sequence ions were produced with high abundances, requiring limited averaging for satisfactory spectral quality. The intact, charge-reduced radical products generated by UV photoexcitation were also subjected to collision-induced dissociation (termed, activated-electron photodetachment dissociation (a-EPD)), but UVPD alone yielded more predictable and higher abundance sequence ions. With the use of a basic (pH∼11.5), piperidine-modified mobile phase, LC-MS/UVPD was implemented and resulted in the successful analysis of mitogen-activated pathway kinases (MAPKs) using ultrafast activation times (5  ns).

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