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Curr Urol Rep. 2011 Jun;12(3):229-36. doi: 10.1007/s11934-011-0180-6.

Quality of evidence to compare outcomes of open and robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy.

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  • 1Department of Urology, University of Minnesota, MMC 394, 420 Delaware Street Southeast, Minneapolis, MN 55403, USA.


Robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALP) has gained widespread acceptance in the treatment of prostate cancer. While it increasingly is becoming the surgical approach of choice in many centers, limited data exist directly comparing it to radical retropubic prostatectomy (RRP). This review examines the evidence comparing RALP to RRP. The outcomes evaluated are arranged into perioperative, oncologic, and functional outcomes. Of the 21 publications meeting our selection criteria, Level II, III, and IV evidence were found in 9, 1, and 11 articles, respectively. Overall, RALP was associated with lower blood loss, transfusion rates, length of stay, and higher cost when compared to RRP. Definitive conclusions regarding complications and oncologic and functional outcomes are not yet possible, and will require longer-term follow-up and well-designed randomized controlled trials.

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