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Yeast. 2011 Mar;28(3):227-36. doi: 10.1002/yea.1834. Epub 2010 Dec 22.

Quantitative analysis of yeast internal architecture using soft X-ray tomography.

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Department of Anatomy, University of California at San Francisco, CA 94143-2722, USA.


We used soft X-ray tomography (SXT)--a high-resolution, quantitative imaging technique--to measure cell size and organelle volumes in yeasts. Cell size is a key factor in initiating cell division in yeasts, whereas the number and volume of the organelles have a profound impact on the function and viability of a cell. Consequently, determining these cell parameters is fundamentally important in understanding yeast biology. SXT is well suited to this type of analysis. Specimens are imaged in a near-native state, and relatively large numbers of cells can be readily analysed. In this study, we characterized haploid and diploid strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae at each of the key stages in the cell cycle and determined the relationships that exist cellular and organelle volumes. We then compared these results with SXT data obtained from Schizosaccharomyces pombe, the three main phenotypes displayed by the opportunistic yeast pathogen Candida albicans and from a coff1-22 mutant strain of S. cerevisiae. This comparison revealed that volumetric ratios were invariant, irrespective of yeast strain, ploidy or morphology, leading to the conclusion these volumetric ratios are common in all yeasts.

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