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Lab Chip. 2011 Apr 21;11(8):1545-9. doi: 10.1039/c0lc00502a. Epub 2011 Feb 28.

Nanolitre droplet array for real time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction.

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Institute of Microanalytical Systems, Department of Chemistry, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China.


Recently, more and more effort has been put into the miniaturization of genetic tests such as quantitative PCR (qPCR), because it is no doubt a powerful tool for molecular diagnosis and quantitative biology. In this paper, we developed a low density nanolitre droplet array generated on a chemical modified silicon chip for gene quantification. Reliable and sensitive two step real time qRT-PCR assay for microRNA measurement was performed within 500 nL droplets. It has a dynamic range of six orders of magnitude, allowing for the quantification of microRNA input from 10(3) to 10(9) copies per reaction. We successfully applied the platform for quantitative measurement of mir-122 across five cultured cell lines. The minimum total RNA input was as low as 1 pg per assay, which showed great potential for gene quantification at single cell level. We envision the droplet based qPCR chip would be a universal and low-cost platform for gene quantification in ordinary biological laboratories.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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