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CSH Protoc. 2008 Aug 1;2008:pdb.prot5010. doi: 10.1101/pdb.prot5010.

Design and Cloning of an shRNA into a Lentiviral Silencing Vector: Version B.


INTRODUCTIONThis protocol describes the use of lentiviral vectors to deliver small interfering RNA (siRNA)-mediated silencing cassettes. The combination of these two technologies allows for the development of a powerful tool to achieve long-term down-regulation of specific target genes both in vitro and in vivo. It combines the specificity of RNA interference with the versatility of lentiviral vectors to stably transduce a wide range of cell types. In this method, a small hairpin (shRNA) is cloned initially into an entry vector (pENTR/U6) immediately downstream from an hU6 promoter. The silencing cassette is flanked by recombination sites from bacteriophage λ (attL1 and attL2). Once an effective shRNA is obtained, it can be transferred to the destination vector. The destination vector is a lentiviral vector carrying a marker (green fluorescent protein [GFP] or a selection marker) with a destination cassette cloned upstream of the marker (attR1 and attR2 flanking a ccdB toxic gene). Thus, the silencing cassette can be transferred from the entry vector to the destination vector in a simple Gateway LR cloning reaction. The positioning of the silencing cassette upstream of the marker expression cassette avoids down-regulation of the marker.


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