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Am J Pathol. 2011 Mar;178(3):1257-69. doi: 10.1016/j.ajpath.2010.11.050.

Albuminuria and glomerular damage in mice lacking the metabotropic glutamate receptor 1.

Author information

1
Molecular Genetics and Cytogenetics Unit, G. Gaslini Institute, Genova, Italy. apuliti@unige.it

Abstract

The metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptor 1 (GRM1) has been shown to play an important role in neuronal cells by triggering, through calcium release from intracellular stores, various signaling pathways that finally modulate neuron excitability, synaptic plasticity, and mechanisms of feedback regulation of neurotransmitter release. Herein, we show that Grm1 is expressed in glomerular podocytes and that a glomerular phenotype is exhibited by Grm1(crv4) mice carrying a spontaneous recessive inactivating mutation of the gene. Homozygous Grm1(crv4/crv4) and, to a lesser extent, heterozygous mice show albuminuria, podocyte foot process effacement, and reduced levels of nephrin and other proteins known to contribute to the maintenance of podocyte cell structure. Overall, the present data extend the role of mGlu1 receptor to the glomerular filtration barrier. The regulatory action of mGlu1 receptor in dendritic spine morphology and in the control of glutamate release is well acknowledged in neuronal cells. Analogously, we speculate that mGlu1 receptor may regulate foot process morphology and intercellular signaling in the podocyte.

PMID:
21356376
PMCID:
PMC3070555
DOI:
10.1016/j.ajpath.2010.11.050
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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